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Answering the question what is needed for a human brain to evolve starting from a cephalopod brain is hard. However, I can expand on what is thought to have been the driving forces behind the evolution of the humanoid brain (Hawks, 2013): The species of the famous Lucy fossil, Australopithecus afarensis (~3-4 mln yrs ago), had skulls with internal volumes ...


The mind is an abstraction which arises from physical and chemical processes within the brain. For a crude analogy, think of the brain as an incredibly complex, self-modifying, multithreaded program. The mind would then be the abstraction arising from the behavior of the program as it runs. Consciousness would be the abstraction arising from the behavior ...

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