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Xrays are not scans. They are one shot (or a series of a few). Say that a chest Xray (two views) doses you with .1 mSv of radiation. The dose from a standard chest CT is 7 mSv.[1] That is 70 times what a chest film gives you, not a few hundred (though that might seem like quibbling). The TL;DR answer is: no one knows for sure. Radiation (especially in ...


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As a rule of thumb you can say that a CT scan exposes you to a higher dose than a X-ray examination, due to the different techniques. For CT scans a number of single 2D photos is processed into the 3D models. However, the dose strongly depends on what body part is examined. See a part of this table (the complete table can be found in reference 1): The ...


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Your vocal chords vibrate to produce a tone, but your mouth shapes that tone into the sounds that make up voice. If your vocal chords fail or are removed, the electrolarynx can be used to vibrate the throat for you, but your mouth still needs to shape that sound into words. Because the electrolarynx produces a mechanical buzzing vibration, you get mechanical ...


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Sharks sense their prey with the normal senses, they see, hear and smell them. They have a remarkable sensitive sense of smelling, which enables them to sense highly diluted traces of prey. They can also use their smelling to determine the direction where a certain smell comes from. This is achieved by the timing in which the senses arrive in different ...


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Long story short: Absolutely. Short story long: While your intuition that growing a lot of cells can increase the risk of damage that might cause cancer is spot on, your specifics are a little off. It's not the telomeres themselves that are the problem, but broad spectrum DNA damage and transcriptional changes. The condition of the telomeres doesn't ...


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In a normal cell, during each replication the telomere is shortened slightly due to the end replication problem, as you probably know. As mutations occur and a normal cell begins to exhibit cancerous characteristics, it needs a way to stop the self-destruction which happens when the telomeres become too short. In fact it is the cancer cells themselves which ...



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