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It's a simple acid-base-reaction. In order for bile to do its job, i.e work as an emulsifier, it needs to in a basic environment. Bile acids are therefore in their charged, negative state. The reaction of HCl with bile acid would then be. [BILE]-COO- + HCl --> BILE-COOH + Cl- In the human body the reaction would be: [BILE]-COO- + H3O+ --> BILE-COOH + ...


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Although I am afraid I don't know much about fire salamanders specifically, it is certainly possible for ingested fly larvae (or larvae hatching from ingested eggs) to survive ingestion and subsequently cause intestinal damage. Parasitic infestation by fly larvae that grow inside the host while feeding on its tissue is called myiasis. Enteric myiasis (also ...



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