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Here is the apple genome on NCBI. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/?term=Apple


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OK, I used NCBI to find the nucleotide sequence. Here it is (possibly): 1 ggttaaacat gactcctaga gaattacaaa gaagttctct tctcctttcg ttctcttctt 61 tctttttttg gttggcaggg tcagggcctt tctcgctggg cgagcgcatc cgattcaaaa 121 gtccttcccg ttcagtttct gcaaggatag agataagctt tcataatg From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/


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https://www.rosaceae.org/species/malus/malus_x_domestica/genome_v1.0 You can see the data in the URL above. The details are described in this article. As others said, NCBI seems useful. Go to this site. Chose chromosome you want to see and click genebank or refsequence corresponding to the chromosome in the table (Assembly Unit: Primary Assembly). You can ...


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These two concepts are not mutually exclusive. You have constructed a false dichotomy. Both of these facts are true: The electrons in the pi orbitals of the conjugated double bonds in the planar rings are hydrophobic. The nitrogen and oxygen molecules (either in the rings, or as substituents on the rings) can participate in hydrogen bonds. There are ...


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PRRs can potentially discriminate between endogenous and exogenous DNA: Microbial nucleic acids can be discriminated from self nucleic acids using various parameters, such as their sequence, their tertiary structure, their molecular modifications and their localization. In addition, mislocalized DNA and RNA can be an indicator of cellular damage and ...


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To fully comprehend the concept of wobble base-pairing we need to consider the nucleotide sequences of the anti-codons in the tRNAs that have to "read" the genetic code when the mRNA is being translated on the ribosome. The nucleotide in the anti-codon's wobble position is, for example, often inosine. Under the rules for wobble base-pairing an Inosine can ...


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In germ cells telomerase enzyme is active and elongates telomeres, so youngsters are not born older than their parents due to telomeres. Still, they do receive mutations, accumulated by their parents' germ-line cells, i.e. eggs and sperm. Most of the mutations occur upon division of the cell. Egg cells don't undergo many divisions - they are created in the ...


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There is no requirement that DNA should have a whole number of base pairs per turn. As a thought experiment, say you have a helix of dsDNA with 10 base pairs that completes one helical turn (ie it has 10 bp/turn). Now, twist that DNA along its axis so that it completes 1.5 turns. There is still only 10 bp and thus 6.67 bp/turn (which you should notice is a ...


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Strictly speaking, all nucleated (eukaryotic) cells contain circular DNA. In addition to the nucleus, the mitochondria (which break down food molecules and create chemical energy) and chloroplasts (which facilitate photosynthesis) also have small stores of their own DNA and this DNA is circular. This adds weight to the hypothesis that these organelles were ...


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Yes there are prokaryotes with linear chromosomes (especially archaea). Eukayotic chromosomes are almost always linear but this, study reports that yeasts with a loss of function mutation in the ATM homolog genes TEL1 and rad3, form circular chromosomes as a consequence of lack of telomeres. Upon prolonged culture these yeasts were found to undergo mitosis ...


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While physiological experiments could be conducted without organic solvents, chemical syntheses of DNA or analogs, chemical modification of DNA, and purification after chemical reaction could be performed in the presence of organic solvents. Such experiments are not directly relevant to physiology, but we use chemically synthesized DNA and DNA analogs. In ...


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DNA in pure water. The only time that nucleic acids would encounter pure water would be in a laboratory setting--for example after an oligonucleotide is synthesized in vitro, the protecting groups are removed from the reactive atoms in the finished sequence and the final product is cleaved from the supporting matrix. At that point you can lyophilize ...



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