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I don't know if this qualifies as "incorporated ... into their lives", but Hermit crabs use all sorts of man-made materials as housing/protection. If you do a google image search on "hermit crab plastic you will see many examples, including plastic waste. There are also other animals that use random materials that are lying around to construct ...


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Biodegradable waste is a type of waste which can be broken down, in a reasonable amount of time, into its base compounds by micro-organisms and other living things, regardless of what those compounds may be. from wikipedia So yes, there are microbes which are capable of biodegradating manmade plastic. It depends on plastic types. If you meant ...


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From Conner and Hartl's A primer of ecological genetics: "Any variance in reproductive success among individuals greater than random expectations, a commonplace concurrence in natural populations, reduces effective population size." So yes, selection does reduce the effective population size and for the reason you suggest - it removes some ...


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The answer to the question as stated is, certainly: No. Neither on a conscious level, nor at the level of instinct does an animal have the goal of keeping the ecological balance of its environment intact. Quite the opposite: it is constantly trying to overturn that balance, attempting to change the system and bring it to a new situation, one in which it (the ...


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There is a purely philosophical issue behind your question. What does trying mean? Does trying doing A means that an individual is aware of how to achieve A and will behave so to achieve it? The likely correct answer (it really depends on you definition) is "No" (with some eventual exception among those that have high cognitive abilities such as humans). ...


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The winter moth's preferred host plants are mainly deciduous trees, oak being the main food plant and also many fruit trees, birch and hazel. Females generally deposit eggs in bark crevices, under bark scales, bark snags and under lichen along tree trunks of host species. Eggs are initially small and green but gradually change colour to orange and then red ...



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