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Strictly speaking, all nucleated (eukaryotic) cells contain circular DNA. In addition to the nucleus, the mitochondria (which break down food molecules and create chemical energy) and chloroplasts (which facilitate photosynthesis) also have small stores of their own DNA and this DNA is circular. This adds weight to the hypothesis that these organelles were ...


10

Yes there are prokaryotes with linear chromosomes (especially archaea). Eukayotic chromosomes are almost always linear but this, study reports that yeasts with a loss of function mutation in the ATM homolog genes TEL1 and rad3, form circular chromosomes as a consequence of lack of telomeres. Upon prolonged culture these yeasts were found to undergo mitosis ...


2

Although I have not yet done, in general, cells are happier in a conditioning medium. Grow the original cells in 10cm dishes and save the medium and use it to grow single colonies. You might want to mix used and fresh medium (1:1 ratio). Growth factors are another option. Insulin is sometimes used, but it also depends on cells. Coating the surface of well ...


2

This should be relatively straight forward. Sort the cells into single wells so all descendants are clones of the sorted cell and let them grow until they are dense enough to be transferred into a bigger plate (probably 48 or 24 well). Continue this process until you can go into big cell culture flasks or plates and make sure that you freeze away a number of ...



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