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"Monosomy for the X chromosome in humans creates a genetic Achilles' heel for nature to deal with." The article I quoted1 tackles this issue. It's from the turn of the century, though, so quite old in sequencing/genetic terms, but the science is still sound as far as I can tell. Here's the money quote: Hence, the X chromosome appears to have a lower ...


Here is what the data says. UK government must have had some scientific evidence when it settled on a 10 variable-length sections of genome for their database, SGM+. In one such variable sections, some people have 10 repeats of CTTT, others have 11, others have 12 etc. The largest of those fragments, at its maximum length, are about 350 base pairs. The US ...


When designing PCR primers we typically use a minimum length of 20 bases, because the probability of a sequence of N bases appearing by random is $\frac{1}{4^N}$, and $\frac{1}{4^{20}}$ is about 9x$10^{-13}$, or about 1 in a trillion. Since the human genome is a little over 3 billion bases long, a 20 base sequence should appear only once. However, most of an ...


There are several reasons why a lab might choose to get DNA from lymphocytes instead of whole blood. Generating genomic DNA from whole blood is not necessarily the best idea, as all the excess protein (mainly hemoglobin from RBCs) needs to be gotten rid of at some point. By narrowing down your input to just include cells that have DNA, you lessen the amount ...


Also I don't know what kind of genetic input your given but if there is variation in origin ie some saliva some cheek skin then there could be a tissue based difference in the genome.


I don't know, whether the organism you are working with is diploid, but suspect it's an animal (or even a mammal), so the most parsimonious explanation would be that you have homozygotes and heterozygotes at this SNP-position.

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