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The liver does quite a lot of "housekeeping". It is responsible for a lot of energy metabolism: Gluconeogenesis (the synthesis of glucose), Glycogenolysis (the breakdown of glycogen into glucose), Glycogenesis (the synthesis of glycogen from glucose). It is important for protein degradation as well as for amino acid synthesis, as well as in the lipid ...


Note: This is too long for a comment, so I will post it as an answer, even though it is merely an example and not a full answer to your question. An example of the environmental influence on human body height can be found in the statistics assembled by the Swedish conscription service from 1840s to 2010 (when general conscription ended). During this time ...

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