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Most cells in a human body contain a complete set of the genome, which is two sets of 23 chromosomes. Having two of each chromosome is called diploidy. Within an individual human the DNA is approximately identical in every cell. Different cells are produced by differential use of that DNA: certain genes are more (or less) highly expressed etc. You can read ...


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You question is a bit unclear, and I think there might be a couple of mistakes in your inequalities. However, I think you are looking for the terms Overdominance (also called Heterozygote advantage) and Heterosis (also Hybrid vigor). Both of these concepts imply that heterozygotes and/or hybrids have a phenotype that lies outside of the range described by ...



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