New answers tagged meiosis
I will talk about humans only and I will not talk about the special case of sexual chromosomes (and anomalies such as trisomy 21) from the answer just to keep things easy. There is a lot to say, so I am just making a very short overview of different subjects. Get some coffee first, read slowly and don't hesitate to click on the wikipedia links to further ...
I think you really need to go back to the very basics and try to understand the DNA molecule, what a chromosome is, DNA replication and mitosis, what homologous chromosomes are, what non homologous chromosomes are, what sister chromatids are, what non sister chromatids are before you attempt to understand meioses. And I would definitely recommend you learn ...
It may help to think of the question in this way. Within a tetrad (that is 2 bivalents) there are 4 strands of DNA (really chromatin). Only the 2 inside strands are held together by the chiasmata. The outside strands are attached to the tetrad by it's centromere. Each pair of sister chromosomes are held in place at the centromeres during meiosis I. The ...
When a cell enters the cell cycle and passes through S phase, each centriole is duplicated. A "daughter" centriole grows out of the side of each parent ("mother") centriole. Thus centriole replication — like DNA replication (which is occurring at the same time) — is semiconservative.
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