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There is evidence that cells can exchange mitochondria. There are some donor cells that transfer mitochondria to recipient cells via cytoplasmic nanotubes (within the same species). This happens endogenously and triggering factors may include stress. References: Pasquier et al. 2013 Ahmad et al. 2014 Wang and Gerdes. 2015 On interspecies mitochondria ...


3

Your claim that "there is a lack of genetic diversity" in mitochondria is not correct. There is no connection between recombination and mutation rates per se. In fact, mitochondria have much higher mutation rates than nucleus and different types of mitochondrial DNA can even co-exist in one organism, a phenomenon called heteroplasmy (which is found at a ...


3

I'm not entirely sure about cross species organelle transfer (lets focus on mitochondria), but some people have already made three parent babies, therefore mitochondria are at least transferable between individuals of the same species. The reason for the operation was to cure a disease that was inherent to the mitochondria of the mother (mitochondria ...


2

Current DNA sequencing techniques are based on shotgun sequencing, randomly breaking the chromosomes into small pieces, sequencing the pieces (by various techniques), and then computationally reassembling the pieces by looking for overlapping patterns. This depends on sequencing each piece of DNA multiple times; the more coverage or depth, the more reliable ...



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