New answers tagged mitosis
It can actually on very rare occasions however, it is also highly problematic and generally creates deleterious mutations and can inactivate genes. Depending on the location of the cell and the cross-over within the genome, it can also contribute to the formation of cancer. For instance, in the case of retinoblastoma, if there is one mutated copy of RAS on ...
During mitosis both sister chromatids are identical si there would be no benefit to crossing over. During mieosis a person receives one chromosome from each parent which will encourage homologous recombination or crossing over to promote gebetic diversity.
The mechanism is straightforward: in Metaphase I of Meiosis, chromosomes line up in two lines, with homologous across from each other, which allows them to interact by crossing over. In Metaphase of Mitosis, the chromosomes are all lined up single file, so the homologous chromosomes cannot interact.
The chromosomes copy at S phase. So S/G2 checkpoint up to early anaphase has 2n. You are on the right track to understanding the cell cycle, important to note the differences between homologous chromosomes (homologous pair) and sister chromatids, while understanding ploidy. During S (synthesis) phase which occurs between G1 and G2 , all the somatic DNA ...
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