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So in mitosis, the cell has to split itself into two cells; each daughter cell has a functional genome that may again split into more daughter cells. The cell replicates the DNA before dividing, so the error in replicating 3x or 4x is that upon division, the daughter cells will have more DNA than the initial cell, and every generation will have more DNA than ...


2

Kinetochore (KT) is a multilayer protein complex. It's main function is to link chromosomes to the positive ends of the spindle microtubules. Also it plays role in the formation of heterogenic region at and around the centromer. The attachment of the KT is not uniform among living species. According to this paper on KT assembly in yeast: . ... KTs ...


3

First off this is called genetic mosaicism and indeed mitotic recombination is a contribution factor. Mitotic crossover events involve the exchange, by homologous recombination, of regions of chromosomes. 60% of homologous recombination events might occur during G1 and 40% of those event occurs after chromosomes are replicated (see this paper). For twin ...



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