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Let's start with your definition. "Selection for traits that would be beneficial to a population of units at the expense of an individual unit possessing the trait" This is not a good definition of group selection. In reality, selection can act on groups regardless of the direction of selection at the individual level. This definition sounds to me (your ...


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Natural Selection Natural selection is the differential in survival and/or reproductive success among different individuals. As such, natural selection also refers to the process by which genotypes associated with greater fitness increase in frequency in the population through time. More information on wikipedia > Natural Selection Adaptation An ...


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These species likely don't see you as a predator, or if they do they don't know if you've seen them yet. A study indicated that the vision of the White-tailed deer was good; As expected for a crepuscularly active prey species, the visual system of white-tailed deer is specialized for sensitivity in low-light conditions and detection of predators. The ...



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