New answers tagged nomenclature
Binomial names often use of greek words. Phyllum means -- as you correctly stated -- "leaf", but is not derived from latin but from the greek φύλλον, 'phyllon'. By the way, there are also lots of examples where the latin word 'folium' is used. To stick with the genus Acer from your example, there is another species named Acer gracilifolium. So don't be ...
All the different breeds of dogs - from Irish setters to greyhounds - are all part of the same species, canis lupus familiaris. The common, domesticated dog is actually a subspecies of the grey wolf. The different breeds do have different genetic characteristics (just as humans have, say, different eye or hair colors), but they're a all one and the same. The ...
All breeds of dogs are members of the same (sub) species: Canis lupus familiaris. "Breeds" of dogs are not scientific designations but are collections of traits recognized as unique by different breeding organizations. As such, certain breeds are recognized as unique in some organizations do not exist in others (see here for examples).
Since "meaningfulness" is not listed among the requirements for new names, any author is free in his choice of name derivation. [There are nevertheless some natural restrictions, such that new names are to be treated as Latin irrespective of the etymology and should follow Latin grammar (with botanical nomenclature being much more meticulous in this ...
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