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Yes you could live off a protein shake type supplement if it had the vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, and fats you would need. Would you want to probably not. First thing we must determine is the protein whey or soy? If a male is consuming this meal replacement and the only protein is from soy, their estrogen levels will be elevated. In Soy ...


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Nice question! I've found a great article about fatty acid metabolism in heart muscle in healthy and disease conditions. As it is stated in this paper long chain fatty acids are utilized through beta-oxidation to meet the high energy need of continuous contraction. Beta-oxidation of long chain fatty acids produce far more ATPs than glucose. According to ...


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I've found an old paper using radioactively labeled bacteria to track their fate in macrophages. According to the data, both $^{14}$C and $^{32}$P are reutilized in the host cell. COHN ZA. (1963). The fate of bacteria within phagocytic cells. I. The degradation of isotopically labeled bacteria by polymorphonuclear leucocytes and macrophages. J Exp Med. Jan ...


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All the elements you mention (B, Fl, Si, V, Cr, Se and Ti) are listed as (probable) essential trace elements in humans by the World Health Organization. The WHO document "Trace elements in human nutrition and health" mentions a host of studies addressing the functions of these elements in species ranging from bacteria and plants to primates. The following ...


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Silicon is not rare at all. Silicon Dioxide is Sand and Sand is content of every soil. Even just rice hull and grass blade contain silicon If you just read in wiki page of silicon there you would see this Silicon is an essential element in biology, although only tiny traces of it appear to be required by animals.[10] However, various sea sponges as ...


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In this article it is described that starved macrophages 'consume' heat inactivated bacteria through phagocytosis with enhanced ability. Starving can also induce (macro)autophagy and the pathways are connected with phagocytosis,in the macrophages under investigation it was shown that autophagy did not play role in the enhanced ability of phagocytosis. The ...


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Detection methods are constantly getting better, requiring lesser amounts of blood to make a determination. In newborns, a heel blood sample (of capillary blood) is used to detect up to 40 (sometimes more) disorders from maple-sugar urine disease and hypothyroidism to hemoglobinopathies and organic acid conditions. If such large molecules can be detected in ...



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