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Probably, you can find this article (link to PDF) useful - I placed an excerpt, the following part in the PDF itself explains the theories. Also, in PubMed you can find a lot of explanations, for example (cited 225 times):


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The endothelial cells in small blood vessels take in more glucose even if insulin level is high (insulin level increases as a feedback reaction in type II diabetes or after treatment in type I diabetes), because they don't have insulin receptors. Thus they form surface glycoproteins which causes the basement membrane to become thicker yet less strong. This ...


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While at least some other primates are suspectible to Ebola, pigs appear to be immune. From the WHO factsheet on Ebola (1): Although non-human primates have been a source of infection for humans, they are not thought to be the reservoir but rather an accidental host like human beings. Since 1994, Ebola outbreaks from the EBOV and TAFV species have ...


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According to Wikipedia in 1998 a vaccine was approved by the FDA. It was directed against the outer surface protein A (OspA) of B. burgdorferi, but was taken from the market in 2002 after a large number of recipients reported the development of autoimmune diseases. An investigation of the FDA and the CDC found no connection to these claims, but afterwards ...


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In men, gout is associated with a higher risk of death from all causes. This would imply that their life expectancy is shorter. From a review by Kim et al. (1): Among men who did not have pre-existing coronary heart disease, the increased mortality risk is due primarily to an elevated risk of cardiovascular death, particularly from coronary heart ...


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Let us say this myopic patient has amplitude of accommodation of 8D. The patient accommodates 8D beyond far point, thus his near point is 1/6+8=0.07m (7.1cm). If we compare the case with emmetropic eye with accommodation amplitude of 8D, the near point is 1/8=0.12m (12cm). So, yes, near point of myopic person is different from an emmetropic one. But, you ...


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A Google search for "Huntingtons disease gene discovery" yielded this page at the Nature Education Scitable website. The following citations are provided regarding the molecular basis of HD: Huntingtin (HTT) was the first disease-associated gene to be molecularly mapped to a human chromosome (Gusella et al., 1983)2. Ten years later, scientists ...


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It was fascinating because Huntington himself described what we now call genetics before the field existed. Then to locate the gene scientists used essentially trial and error. They took enzymes that cut different parts of the DNA and looked at which of these were inherited. If it were inherited then there would be cuts made, otherwise not. Then they matched ...


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The first thing to note is that nothing is truly new, everything is a slightly different version of what existed previously, it's only on the very long term that you can see major change. Mutations occur continuously and new variants arise often. For example you need a new flu shot every year due to the high mutation rate of the influenza virus but we still ...


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A more abstract idea for a Bioweapon species could be one that targets key organisms required for completing the nitrogen or carbon cycle. This would likely cause the entire biosphere to collapse though.



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