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6

Medicine is not my field, but I want to point out two things: The former words have latin roots, and historically latin was the international language of science. Therefore, nomenclature in different scientific fields are often based on latin. The former words describe tissues and the related functions/processes (e.g. renal = kidney + related tissues + ...


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An allergic reaction requiring an epipen can be caused by swelling in the throat and/or bronchoconstriction (spasms decreasing the diameter of bronchioles). Bronchoconstriction can occur in the absence of soft tissue swelling in the lips, tongue and throat, and vs. versa. Epinephrine reduces pharyngeal edema (swelling) because it is a potent vasoconstrictor ...


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Human body is a glucose driven machine which intake carbohydrates and converts to glucose. Energy is yielded from the glucose and glucose is stored as glycogen. When the carbohydrate intake is somehow reduced then body will shift its mechanism and uses the fatty acids to produce energy. Liver synthesis ketones from fatty acids in our diet or from body fat. ...


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"Hepatic glucose production" is the gluconeogenesis process (the opposite of the gycolysis process), that is the formation of glucose primarily from lactate and amino acids. This process takes place in the liver's cells and it is regulated by hormones (insulin and glucagon). Look here and here for a better explanation!


3

Could it be beneficial to artificially induce fever in a person who has an illness if they are not already experiencing fever? No, not really. Pretty much the only use of hyperthermia in medicine is in the treatment of cancer. If you google "use of hyperthermia in medical treatment", you'll likely only find two kinds of hits: those for cancer treatment ...


3

It's called the Diving reflex, also known as the bradycardic response. It goes away around six months. From https://www.breatheology.com/articles/mammalian-dive-response/ Another action of the diving response can be observed in infants when they are under water. The windpipe by the vocal chords sponta­neously closes to prevent water from entering the ...


2

I am assuming that your question is: "why can a human intervention improve health?". Let me know if I misunderstood your question. Why can a human intervention improve health? Let's first avoid going into the details of your example. It is quite obvious that human intervention can often improve health in a way that your body alone cannot. To me, an ...


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_dioxide#Toxicity "In concentrations up to 1% (10,000 ppm), it will make some people feel drowsy.[83] Concentrations of 7% to 10% may cause suffocation, even in the presence of sufficient oxygen, manifesting as dizziness, headache, visual and hearing dysfunction, and unconsciousness within a few minutes to an hour. ... ...


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Short answer Facilitated diffusion is a passive process in which membrane channels mediate the transport of polar, or big molecules that are not solvable in the cell membrane. Co-transport, on the other hand, is active transport, as it depends on the electrochemical gradient of ions across the cell's membrane, particularly Na+. Because ATP or other energetic ...


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Basic sigmoidal curve looks like that: zero at $-\inf$ and one at $+\inf$. All in between should look like an integral of gaussian distribution. Take a look on this wiki page for more information. Now, the question, why sigmoidal curve is integral of gaussian function, I will leave out for now. My understanding is that gaussian distribution tells you how ...


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I'd suggest reading wiki first. Autonomic nervous system, the one that regulates breathing rate, heart rate and other physiological processes as a function of circadian time, regulates secretion of gastric acid. Vagus nerve, part of parasympathetic nervous system (the one responsible for "rest and digest" part of behavior, opposite to sympathetic "fight or ...


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Stress is the reaction, which our body reacts against the pressure or tension. There are many impact of stress on the human body, which includes Emotional: Moodiness, short temper, agitation, inability to relax, feeling lonely and always depressed. Cognitive: Memory problems, unable to concentrate, very poor judgment, negative thoughts, always anxious ...


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Actually, hyperthermia is a known treatment for a range of diseases, including cancer. Induced hyperthermia can be whole-body as well as local/regional and is under investigation in multiple studies (for example).


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I found a nice article that has insights to this matter. As posted before me it is true that only adults, but not juvenile individuals show this difference. Direct and indirect effects of sex hormones on bone marrow erythropoiesis and renal erythropoietin production has been proven, but it works in both sexes the same way. Females are capable to elevate ...



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