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7

16 units/mg means 16 units per milligram of protein. Many companies, including Invitrogen, define 1 unit streptavidin as the amount of streptavidin necessary to bind 1 microgram of biotin.


6

CCCEEE etc. are the secondary structural elements. The C or E usually refers to whether the residue is coiled (C) or part of a strand (E). H would be used to denote a helix. However in this case the C refers to non-strand and non-helix regions i.e looping regions rather than a coiled region (although I think this is more of a point of semantics). e or - ...


5

Just to add to Chris Stronk's answer: 1 U SAV can bind 1 ug biotin This tells you that in a 16 U/mg SAV sample, every mg of SAV will bind 16 ug of biotin. You can figure out the molar ratio from this: $16\mu g\ BIO\cdot\frac{1mol\ BIO}{244310000ug\ BIO}\cdot\frac{52800000mg\ SAV}{mol\ SAV}$ Which equals: $\frac{3.46mol\ BIO}{mol\ SAV}$ Theoretically, ...


4

I would do this through the Reactome database. Searching for "AKT Signalling" returns, among other things, an entry for PI3K/AKT Signaling in Cancer (Homo sapiens) (REACT_147723). Clicking on that link will take you to the pathway's page, and if you click on "Disease" (under "Locations in the PathwayBrowser"), you will be shown a link to the pathway browser ...


4

The energy used to catalyze the peptidyl transferase reaction is from the breakage of the bond between the amino acid in question, and the aminoacyl-tRNA it's attached to. The two reactions are coupled by the ribosome. The ribosome can then lower the entropy by positioning of the molecules (including water) in the active site as described here. So we have ...


3

First of all: Honey is not a byproduct of bees - it's their main and most important product which stores energy for the bee hive for the time when no flowers are available. Honey itself consists (according to the USDA database) to about 99.5% of water and sugars (82.5% sugars, 17% water). The sugars are mostly fructose and glucose, but also some other mono- ...


3

1) Is the attachment of zinc regarded as a type of post-translational modification? It is not really considered a post-translational modification because the zinc atom is not covalently bound to the protein. Binding to zinc is adsorption. 2) When carbonic anhydrase is denatured, is the zinc ion released in the medium? Yes, but it depends on ...


2

The European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) has a tool called "Quick GO", which allows you to search the Gene Ontology (GO) database using specific pathways or terms. In the "Annotation Download" section (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/QuickGO/GAnnotation) enter your search term (e.g. "AKT signalling") and "search". QuickGO will present you with the search results, ...


1

The lac operon contains genes which are important for the metabolization of lactose as an energy source - normally glucose is used for this purpose. Usually the operon is tighly regulated and as long as there is another source of energy it is kept in an inhibited state. The presence of lactose removes the lac repressor from the lac operon and allows the ...


1

Amylase is an enzyme that breaks down starches to simpler sugars. Only living organisms can produce amylase. Animals produce only alpha-amylase. Plants, bacteria, and fungi produce both beta- and alpha- amylases. Like all proteins, the presence of amylase in food depends on if it is permanently denatured by high enough temperatures or extremes in pH. ...


1

Enter it in BLASTX. This will give you any protein sequence matches as well as likely homologues given a nucleotide sequence.


1

You might want to try searching against NR/NT database using BLAST. This way you will get to know what this sequence might be similar too. The length of the sequence is too short to code for any meaningful protein.



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