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DNA polymerase must catalyse the addition of 4 different nucleotides to the growing strand. This means that it cannot directly determine which base to incorporate at a specific point (how would it 'know' which base to incorporate and how it would it change its specificity for different bases). This means that the specificity for which base pair to ...


2

High-fidelity DNA polymerases have several safeguards to protect against both making and propagating mistakes while copying DNA. Such enzymes have a significant binding preference for the correct versus the incorrect nucleoside triphosphate during polymerization. If an incorrect nucleotide does bind in the polymerase active site, incorporation is slowed ...


3

The DNA polymerase also needs a RNA primer on the leading strand to be able to start polymerization. Afterwards this is not needed anymore, since the replication goes on without a break. On the lagging strand polymerization replication can only work between the replication fork and the next region of double-stranded DNA. See the figure (from here): The ...



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