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4

This question can't be answered with a simple yes/no, but I would say that the analogy of DNA being the "code" used by cells is a reasonable one, if taken with a number of other considerations. DNA function When Watson and Crick first described the structure of DNA (being a double-stranded sequence of the nucleotides Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine and ...


5

Start and stop codons are instructions for the ribosome to start and stop protein synthesis, respectively. The region between the start and stop codon (inclusive of them) is called ORF (open reading frame) or sometimes CDS (Coding sequence). Why does ribosome need explicit instructions for start and stop? Ribosome recognizes an RNA as a mRNA if it has ...


2

Next to helping to define the region for translation on the mRNA, the stop codon also prevents transcripts that have been frame-shifted by a mutation from translating into big proteins, and also helps flagging the mRNA for destruction (nonsense-mediated RNA decay). This is because in random sequence, a codon has 3/64 chance of being a stop codon, so in a ...


3

It is important to have start and stop codons so that the molecular machinery of the cell (ribosome etc.) "know" where the actual transcript starts and ends. This is especially important, since mature mRNA contains untranslated regions which are of regulatory importance. These regions occur on both sides of the coding sequence called 5' and 3'UTR ...


2

Not all the RNA is to be translated into proteins. Actually most of it is for regulation and sometimes unknown use. There are non coding regions before the start codon and after the stop codon. Hence the need for both.


2

I don't think bleach can denature RNA. Bleach is an oxidizing agent and it will damage the RNA. Also, the protocol mentions addition of hypochlorite before heating which I think is illogical because heat will decompose it. For testing RNA integrity you need not make a denaturing gel. What you can instead do is to heat the RNA with the 2xRNA loading buffer ...


2

In my opinion you should try low input library prep protocols because in my experience even with a decent quantity of RNA, standardizing the sequencing is not an easy job. The manual says that this kit works with 10-20ng of RNA; always assume the higher limit to be true. There is a higher chance of loss (relative) during extraction also. Try doing ...


1

If what you want is to find a consensus structure for a group of alignments in stockholm format then you might try with RNAalifold and for single sequence folding check RNAfold. Both have online servers and can also be run offline. After you get the consensus structure update the stockholm file by adding a structure consensus line as: #=GC SS_cons ...



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