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In men, gout is associated with a higher risk of death from all causes. This would imply that their life expectancy is shorter. From a review by Kim et al. (1): Among men who did not have pre-existing coronary heart disease, the increased mortality risk is due primarily to an elevated risk of cardiovascular death, particularly from coronary heart ...


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Obviously, it is conceivable that DNA could be so damaged that the organism dies. Trivially, blasting cells with radiation will cause rampant DNA damage, which will trigger p53 and lead to the cells suiciding (apoptosis), this is a "deliberate" (so to speak) mechanism to manage cancer risk. In practice, the reason DNA damage leads to death is usually not ...


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Most of us have had the apoptotic process in our B-lymphocytes disrupted when we had infectious mononucleosis, caused by the EBV virus. The EBV virus (pardon the virus-virus) encodes proteins, including one that mimics a host cell protein, Bcl-2, which plays an important role in apoptosis. The set of virus 'decoy' proteins forces the infected cell to ...


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Lot's of ways. Apoptosis is complex, but falls under two pathways ending up at caspase 3. Anywhere in the pathway may there be a problem but also in things that trigger the pathway. For example in cancer there is loss of tumour suppressors which ensure a damaged cell undergoes apoptosis or prevents replication and oncogenes which allow controlled ...


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It is important for organisms to be renewed. These organisms have less wear and tear, they are modified through evolution to better fit the current environment, they are more likely to have healthy offspring that they can look after. It must also be considered that genetically we must be optimal in anyway that confers our continued survival as a species. So ...


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Perhaps the best type of study to examine the role of genes (DNA) in human aging are twin studies. They have either: the same DNA (monozygotic, one egg, "identical" twins (MZ) ) or similar DNA (dizygotic twins, two eggs (DZ) ) and are perhaps exposed the same, or different environments. I won't repeat the information in the link, above, but studies of ...



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