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"Essentially diploid" means that a normal (most common normal) state is diploid, while any other state will be considered rare (can be normal yet) or abnormal or unusual. The "essentially diploid" is in some way a tautologic, since we can say "human somatic cell is essentially diploid" as well as "human somatic cell is diploid" omitting "essentially". But ...


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Dendrites Means Trees in Greek; Are the input of the neuron; Receive information from other neurons or the external environment; Transfer information to the cell body and axons; Are numerous, relatively short, and branch extensively in a tree-like fashion May have numerous spines on them to provide a greater surface area for other neurons to synapse on; ...


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There are many meanings of "factor" in Biology. In the context where you place it, namely bio-active substances, such as hormones and enzymes I would go for the definition given by the Medical Dictionary: factor [fakĀ“ter] : an agent or element that contributes to the production of a result. Within this definition, a transcription factor contributes ...



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