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The problem with increasingly complex HMMs is that their parameter space tends to explode with the nth-order of the HMMs. Higher number of parameters is often not great because it reduces the possible number of observations that go into training each parameter and can increase overfitting of the model. From the information that you are providing it is ...


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The key point is that the first equation is describing frequencies, i.e., $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = 1$, so there are only $n-1$ degrees of freedom. For instance, if $n=2$ (as in Hawk-Dove), you can totally describe the state of the system with just $x_1$, because $x_2$ is just $x_2=1-x_1$. This constraint is enforced by adjusting $\phi$. To convert the ...


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No. But a strong correlation may nevertheless be an indicator for heritability (it makes it more likely). The reason is, that the correlation in the phenotype (birth weight) is not only due a correlation in the genotype but also a correlation in the environment of the child and its mother (culture, economical situation, genes, etc of their respective ...


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Dengler 2009 would be a good start. I'm sure this paper, his citations and papers citing Dengler's paper will get you well on your way.


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Theoretical ecology From wikipedia Theoretical ecology is the scientific discipline devoted to the study of ecological systems using theoretical methods such as simple conceptual models, mathematical models, computational simulations, and advanced data analysis. Effective models improve understanding of the natural world by revealing how the dynamics of ...



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