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3

Codon usage optimization is still pretty much heurestic. The most common factor we think are important in E. Coli are: optimization to highly expressed genes, i.e. maximization of codon adaptation index [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19359587/] keeping the optimal GC content [http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0107319] ...


2

A vector transmits a disease or parasite from one animal or plant to another. Fruit bats are vectors for Ebola. They are a host to the virus, which can then be passed on to humans. Influenza A, the virus responsible for human seasonal epidemics, is not a vector for other pathogens, although co-infection with two different strains of influenza can give rise ...


1

While a viral infection such as influenza can lead to secondary infections, it is inappropriate to call it a vector for those other infections. It is not the means by which those other infections are acquired. If a bacterial sinus infection follows upon a bout with the flu, that bacteria was not carried to the patient by the influenza virus. A single ...


3

I wouldn't call influenza a vector here, but yes, an infection with the flu virus which results in a full infection can have secondary infections as complications. There are often caused by bacteria which usually live in the respiratory pathway and kept under control by the immune system. This includes pneumonia (either viral or bacterial), inflammation of ...


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Hydrophobia is mostly attributed to rabies, most of the sources refer rabies as hydrophobia. Technically Hydrophobia is the intense fear of water. Hydrophobia is an intense, irrational fear of water that can be commonly diagnosed at childhood and should be treated as soon as possible. Certain types of hydrophobia may also appear in later stages of ...


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You are correct that hydrophobia is often considered pathognomonic of rabies. However, I offer for your consideration: Hydrophobia as a rare presentation of Cotard's syndrome: a case report.1 Cotard's syndrome itself is a bizarre psychiatric condition that the authors of the above paper define well: Cotard’s syndrome is a rare condition where the ...


2

I have gone through quite a number of papers using this virus, but I haven't found any definite answer on the maximum insert length. There is an indirect answer, though. The two articles cited below both report possible insert length of up to 3.7kb without any experimental problems. This insert length results in a viral genome which is about 1.9kb longer ...



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