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The study of how biological life arises from inorganic matter through natural processes, and the method by which life on Earth arose.
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A rapid change in the membrane potential of excitable cells such as neurons and muscles; this usually involves a steep rise (depolarization) followed by a steep fall in membrane potential (repolariza…
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Adaptation refers to both the current state of being adapted and to the dynamic evolutionary process that leads to the adaptation.
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Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), that results in loss of CD4+ T-Lymphocyte thereby leading to a loss of immune function.
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different forms of many possible alternative forms of the same gene. The different eye colors are for example different alleles of the genes that make the eye color.
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Altruism refers to behaviour by an individual that increases the fitness of another individual while decreasing the fitness of the actor.
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organic acids with an amino group in the alpha position (alpha-acids). They are the structural units of proteins and involved in many biochemical pathways.
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The generation of ATP from the breakdown of organic molecules in the absence of oxygen.
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The study of the internal structure of organisms.
Anecdotal evidence refers to findings, hypotheses, speculations or ideas based on observations in a subject group typically consisting of a single individual, or consisting of a few, often related, in…
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social insects in the family Formicidae, a member of the Hymenoptera, which also includes the wasps and bees.
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The science of humanity. In a biological sense anthropology focusses on humans and non-human primates, and their evolutionary, biological, and demographic attributes.
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Biologically-synthesized chemicals (or their derivatives) that cause growth suppression or death of bacteria. Other anti-microbials are often also considered under the class antibiotics these days.
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A protein produced by the B-cells of the immune system which binds to a particular antigen, a foreign substance to the body.
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a substance which causes the the body to produce a reaction of the adaptive immune system. Contact of the immune system to antigens results in the production of highly specific (antigen …
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designed to prevent old damaged cells from mutating into neoplastic (cancer) cells.
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the scientific study of spiders and related animals such as scorpions, pseudoscorpions, harvestmen, collectively called arachnids. It can include the study of ticks and mites which is s…
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