I don't mean to cause offence or suggest than men and women shouldn't be of the same intelligence — that's not something I'm here to dispute. What I want to understand is how this is possible given the vastly lower average synaptic / neurone count and weight in the average female vs male brain, in terms of both the overall brain and the neocortex.
Are there some systems that the female brain employs to compensate for a lower number of neurons, and if so is it dependent to the hormone estrogen or is it something inherent to the female brain? Is it just the case that the male brain has vast redundancies, if so why does brain weight correlate with IQ if it is redundant? Or perhaps it's the discrepancies in synapse count do not extend to areas that are most closely linked with higher order thinking. This is the explanation that I am leaning to, and if someone could explain which areas these are and link to a study that shows that the male vs female average in these areas are the same, then that would be greatly appreciated (I'm not looking for areas that are the same size adjusted for total body weight, I'm looking for areas with the absolute same number of synapses/neurones).
Female brains on average lighter than male brains: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8072950/
Female brains on average have lower neocortical neurone count than male brains: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9215725/#:~:text=The%20average%20numbers%20of%20neocortical,brains%2C%20a%2016%25%20difference.&text=Sex%20and%20age%20were%20the,no%20influence%20on%20neuron%20number.
Female brains have on average a lower cortical synaptic density: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2567215/
I am transgender (and taking estrogen) and have read that taking estrogen can move brain volume and weight closer to average "female proportions" to quote the study, and that this does not appear to negatively affect cognition. So, this is a question that is hugely important to me and does not come from a place of mal-intent.