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I found this plant in Tuscany (Italy, mediterranean climate, about 60 m above mean sea level). Photos were taken at roughly the beginning of spring after a period of drought followed by a couple days of rain. Average temperature oscillates between 7-10°C, relative humidity is around 75-80%.

Unfortunately I didn't have a ruler at hand but the plant was not very tall, I'd say about 12-15 cm (5-6 inches) at most.

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    $\begingroup$ Family is likely Araceae. Not familiar enough with Italian flora to know possible candidates. I may have time to dig in later, but I suppose some European users more familiar with possible candidates will be able to respond before I have time. $\endgroup$ Apr 6, 2022 at 15:01

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I think that is probably a plant in the genus Arisarum based on the almost complete covered inflorescence ("trap-like" structure). In particular, it looks most like Arisarum vulgare (common name: Friar's cowl). This plant is found throughout the Mediterranean region including Italy.

The striped structure with a "lid" isn't a trap, but instead an inflorescence (branch bearing multiple flowers — in this case a spadix with its bract being the "trap"). The inflorescences are from the plant with the rounded-arrowhead shaped leaves.

That leaf shape is characteristic of several genera in the Arum family (Araceae), but the size and very rounded tip looks most like specimens of Arisarum vulgare.

The size and early spring flowering time also fit what is described for this species.

Arisarum vulgare flower closeup from wikipedia Source: user Hectonichus on Wikimedia Commons — License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

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