What dissociates first - the last tRNA, mRNA and release factors or the subunits of ribosomes?
I tried searching this from Lehninger but couldn't get a clean answer.
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Shigeta's got a point: the ribosome is latched onto the mRNA so those two are intrinsically linked. You're really asking whether the ribosome comes off first or whether the tRNA does, but it's actually the new polypeptide, which makes sense:
The stop codon is recognized by a protein, the polypeptide chain release factor (RF), which triggers the hydrolytic release of the nascent polypeptide chain from the P-site-bound peptidyl-tRNA.
This minireview puts forth a model (see below) where, in E. coli at least, the 50S ribosome subunit is then dissociated from the mRNA/30S subunit/tRNA complex, following which the final tRNA is removed. An in-depth review from a few years later gives more context.
just off the top of my head... since the ribosome is made of 2 large complexes which assemble and clamp onto the mRNA, I'd say it was the tRNA first, then the ribosome and mRNA would detach simultaneously.