Why does low Na+ levels cause hypotension (low blood pressure). Alternatively, why does excessive intake of Na+ cause hypertension or high blood pressure?
From what I understand, there are two different mechanisms at play. Renin secretion from kidneys occur during low salt levels in blood and hence, under low sodium concentration, high amount of Renin secretion from kidneys should actually raise the blood pressure, via the Renin-Angiotensin loop, constricting the arteries. Under high sodium concentrations, low renin secretion should be accompanied by low pressure. If the osmotic entry of water into blood raising the blood volume and thus pressure, plays a role here, will not, on increase of blood volume, decreased Vasopressin increase urinary output and thus control the blood volume, not allowing it to cause any body changes? Why isn't the first effect (renin) significant here as compared to the second (osmotic entry).