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I found this sentence in my notes interesting

E-NOS and n-NOS are Ca-calmodulin dependent ferments. They are synthesized in small concentration as a response to physiological signals which increases the level of Ca2+ in cell.

Does it mean that e-NOS and n-NOS are synthesized by mediation of Ca and calmodulin?

I remember how RNS can be derived from nitric oxide and superoxide.
Are e-NOS and n-NOS expressed on macrophages after induction by cytokines and microbial products, notably interferon-gamma and lipopolysaccharide?

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  • $\begingroup$ What is the reference for your notes? Can you cite a valid reference? $\endgroup$ – WYSIWYG Dec 5 '14 at 9:42
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry, I cannot. This is a classroom discussion, mostly based on current textbooks in Physiology and Pathophysiology. Good bet would be in Robbins. $\endgroup$ – Léo Léopold Hertz 준영 Dec 5 '14 at 14:26
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Does it mean that e-NOS and n-NOS are synthesized by mediation of Ca and calmodulin?

Calmodulin is activated by binding to calcium and NOS is activated by binding to Ca2+-calmodulin. The binding changes the structural conformation which renders the enzyme active. See this.

Are e-NOS and n-NOS expressed on macrophages after induction [...]

Macrophages generally express iNOS upon induction by cytokines. The activity of iNOS is shown to be different in humans compared to mice; humans have low activity [ref]. However mouse macrophages have been shown to express eNOS constitutively and eNOS-knockout mice show reduced NFkB production and iNOS induction.

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