Gap junction proteins, connexins, are known to form intercellular hemichannels, between two adjacent cells. These junctions are maintained cell adhesion proteins (cadherins), yet the turnover of connexins is fairly rapid. As these connexins are being turned over, do the replacement connexins re-form the channel at the same location as previously existing channels, or is the pattern stochastic? Put another way, if we know cells in culture have formed gap junctions, and for any one cell, does it have different connected neighbours with time?


1 Answer 1


This is an interesting question. Reading this two articles linked below, it seems very much that the connexins are turned over and degraded with the channel more or less staying at the same place (the figure is taken from the first paper, but the second has a similar):

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Following this, the connexins are synthesized and then subjected into the ER and then the Golgi for proper protein maturation and oligomerization into hemichannels (misfold proteins are subjected to proteasomal degradation). They are then exported from the trans-Golgi in small vesicles to the cell membrane, transported to the sarcolemma where they form complete gap junction channes with hemichannels from another cell. Single channels aggregate into gap junction plaques.

The connexins are degraded in the proteasome and the lysosome. It is discussed that post-translational modifications as phosphorylation and ubiquitination play an important role here.

The degradation seems to take place at the formed channels. This was tested in two ways: When the export of new proteins to the membrane is inhibited, then the connexins in the membrane and the junctions get lost over time. If the proteasome is inhibited, the number is growing. And when both pathways are inhibited (export and degradation) the number is approximately constant. See paper 3 for more details. This shows that the process of forming the junctions and degrading the connexins is a permanent and that cells, which form junction with each other stay in the same place.


  1. Connexin Expression and Turnover
  2. Pathways for degradation of connexins and gap junctions
  3. Degradation of connexin43 gap junctions involves both the proteasome and the lysosome.
  • $\begingroup$ Oh, thats right. I wrote it different first. Thanks for the notification. $\endgroup$
    – Chris
    Commented Mar 3, 2014 at 20:16

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