A fully patent foramen ovale (pfo) is rare however a partial or small pfo is present in about 30% of the population.
Now the manifestations you described are partially correct. A pfo causes a left to right shunt in the adult whilst a right to left shunt in the fetus. In the fetus this is normal. In the adult, it is left to right because the left atrium is at higher pressure than the right. Due to this some of your manifestations are the wrong way round but still correct.
For example you mentioned hypertension, but presumably you meant systemic hypertension. It is more common at least in the early stages to get pulmonary hypertension. The pressures in the left atrium cause the pressures in the right atrium to increase when there is shunting. This is frequently seen when pressures in the left are increased due to factors like systemic hypertension. Coronary artery disease can also worsen the shunt and increase pressures in the right atrium and pulmonary pressures because the left ventricle can be stiffer.
Despite all this the more common presentation of a clinically significant pfo is right heart failure. Volume overloaded,the right heart dilates and fails. This will cause the usual presentation of right heart failure i.e. peripheral oedema, ascites and hepatomegaly.
Of course increased pulmonary pressures also causes strain to the right heart and can also cause right heart failure.
They then may go on to develop congestive cardiac failure and the exertional dyspnoea that comes with it. The inadequacy of the right heart can lead to excess strain to the left heart through a number of mechanisms that leads to it also failing. Dilation of the right heart can also lead to atrial fibrillation which in turn leads to stroke all being other possible presentations.
Cyanosis usually doesn't occur at least early in the disease as there isn't a shift from right to left (unoxygenated to oxygenated) but the other way round.
The severity of the pfo will lead to the severity of the clinical manifestation and how early it is picked up. Most people have routine checks of their heart (the murmur is usually pretty loud) so it is frequently corrected before any clinical disease manifests. In patients with small pfos they may never notice unless they become hypertensive or put strain on their heart during pregnancy. Yes they have a slight disadvantage as they lose some oxygenated blood but not anything noticeable.
If anything is unclear or you have more questions, please ask.