I wonder what are typical bone mass values for adult males and females? And do they change significantly with workout and diet?
I wonder what are typical bone mass values for adult males and females?
This seems hard to find. The only value I could find is on Bionumbers at it says that vertebrates compact bones have a mean density of 2 mg/cm$^3$ . However in medical practice two scores are used to indicate the ratio between tested bone density and ideal bone density [2, 3] and absolute values are uncommon.
And do they change significantly with workout and diet?
Bone mass is mainly influenced by genetic factors. Only up to 25 % may be influenced by environmental factors such as diet and exercise .
Among the medical conditions that influence bone mass, osteoporosis is the most frequent especially in women. Other conditions are: hyperparathyroidism, glucocorticoid therapy, other bone abnormalities and fractures .
- Brian Cotterell, Fracture and Life, Imperial College Press, 2010 p.77 bottom paragraph via http://bionumbers.hms.harvard.edu//bionumber.aspx?id=108642&ver=2
- Bone density. (2014, September 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:08, September 29, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bone_density&oldid=625737182