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I'm trying to use miRBase database to annotate some microRNA sequences in length 22-24bp. I highly appreciate if someone let me know whether I should do this BLAST against mature miRNA or stem-loop sequence database? and the other main question is that which number of E-value is reasonably accepted as a lowest E-Value in the miRNA BLAST results? Also, what tool you suggest to perform miRNA enrichment analysis? for example we can use DAVID for gene (coding sequence) enrichment analysis. Using such analysis we are able to assign probable functions and biological roles to a group of miRNA (not only one miRNA). Any comments and idea is welcomed.

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If you are using BLAST for short nucleotide searches then you should reduce your word size to <=7. It is better to align with mature sequences.

E-value depends on the database size. If your target database is huge then you should increase the e-value cutoff. If miRBase (for a few organisms) is your database then there is no need to run BLAST, also. You can simply run SSEARCH (Smith-Waterman Local alignment algorithm).

If you are running BLAST against miRbase you can set the e-value cutoff at 10. This is fine because there are many similar looking miRNAs with different function. If you reduce the e-value cutoff then you may lose these.

There are some other criteria for miRNA conservation- e.g there should be very high (almost exact) similarity at the seed region. After the BLAST, make sure that seed region is conserved.

Can we can use DAVID for miRNA functional analysis.

I don't think DAVID can be directly used (miRNAs have to be annotated in their database). What you can do is that you can predict the targets of your miRNA and then pass them to DAVID. DAVID won't do the predictions but there are other programs (see this post). You can also try BioMart (provided by ENSEMBL) for getting GO details. Even BioMart does not provide functional annotation for miRNAs (I just tried, to verify). So best thing is to check for the targets.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for your feedback. I want to use miRBase to do this blast that its default word size is 4, is nice for short sequence homology search, but the E-value cutoff is 10 by default that seems a bit high for miRNA (short sequence) in my opinion since the probability of having good alinment by chance is increased as the sequence length is decreased, is it right or no? $\endgroup$ – Mary Nov 15 '14 at 11:45
  • $\begingroup$ Yes that's true. Also that probability increases when the database size increases. If you find the answer suitable then you can accept it (A tick mark on the left). $\endgroup$ – WYSIWYG Nov 15 '14 at 11:50
  • $\begingroup$ Ok. Regarding what we discuses, could you please suggest me what is the best E-value cutoff in the case of miRNA homology search? I'm a bit confused about the selection this parameter. $\endgroup$ – Mary Nov 15 '14 at 11:55
  • $\begingroup$ Dear friend, as you said, DAVID can not be directly used for miRNA analysis. Also, miRNA target analysis using this tool is a different story. at the moment My focus is on miRNA not their targets. $\endgroup$ – Mary Nov 15 '14 at 12:00
  • $\begingroup$ @Mary- edited the answer. No you cannot directly annotate miRNA. You need to find its targets first. E-value of 10 is fine (don't go below this). $\endgroup$ – WYSIWYG Nov 15 '14 at 12:12

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