Generally living longer and with a better quality of life is considered a good thing, if not for ourselves then for our family and friends who care about us. Some factors that influence human longevity are outside our control or only currently exist in a research laboratory; others factors we can control but vary in their impact and effectiveness.
What interventions (preventative or curative) applied by individuals have been proven to increase human longevity, ranked by their effectiveness?
The interventions can be ranked by the ratio of Time Spent vs. Time Gained or Money Spent vs Time Gained. A centuries' worth of data driven medicine and longitudinal studies should provide some answer as to what works and what doesn't.
For purposes of this question, please exclude future interventions that have not yet or never been tested on a sizable portion of population.
Some of the biggest improvements in collective aggregate life expectancy in a society have been communal solutions such as elimination of pathogens. As these either exist or don't exist for a given community - I'd like to narrow the scope to interventions applied or chosen by individuals (such what they personally do or don't do). That is, interventions that supplement communal improvements.