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Basic Gene, Chromosome, Genome, Protein - how are they ordered?

Genes make up Chromosome, and Chromosomes make up a Genome...

So, where does Protein come into play?

What do you call Genes that are spliced together to form something new?

What do you call a variable inside a Gene?

Thanks.

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closed as unclear what you're asking by Raoul, rg255, fileunderwater, Luigi, p.s.w.g Jan 29 '15 at 16:43

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to SE! At Biology SE we appreciate some evidence of personal effort of the PO to answer the question. Without it, we may put the question on hold, giving you the chance to add some background information. $\endgroup$ – AliceD Jan 29 '15 at 12:35
  • $\begingroup$ I have zero biology education and I am asking because the people that write stuff about such things are very verbose (needlessly so, just like writers for other things) when I just need a quick answer. I am in a circumstance where I must/should get this right. If you have a "for dummies" simple introduction link/answer that can answer the questions, then please post it. $\endgroup$ – user3635998 Jan 29 '15 at 12:57
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    $\begingroup$ Makes sense. Hope my answer helps. $\endgroup$ – AliceD Jan 29 '15 at 13:18
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where does Protein come into play?

A Gene codes a protein.

DNA is transcibed into messenger RNA (mRNA). mRNA is translated into protein.


What do you call Genes that are spliced together to form something new?

Genes are not spliced together. One single gene can consist of introns (intervening sequences) and exons (expressed sequences). Transcribed introns in the RNA are spliced out and the exons glued together to form a functional mRNA.


What do you call a variable inside a Gene?

Genes are made up of DNA. DNA is made up of nucleotides.

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    $\begingroup$ +1 Just an interesting note (definitely an exception to the rule), in some organisms, exons from different primary transcripts from different genes can be ligated. This is known as trans-splicing. $\endgroup$ – canadianer Jan 29 '15 at 16:13

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