A retrovirus with RNA genome infected a host cell. You would like to isolate the host cell’s RNA (rRNA, tRNA, and mRNA) from the virus RNA. What properties can you rely on to determine the three types of host cell RNA- for example, in terms of their size, complexity, GC content, or abundance in the cell? The undetermined RNA can be identified as the virus RNA.
Thermo Fisher has a protocol for the separation of host mammalian RNA from prokaryotic RNA, optimized for E. coli vs human, mouse or rat sequences. Capture oligonucleotides bind portions of the mammalian RNA and hybridize. These hybridized oligo/RNA are then removed from solution via "oligonucleotide-derivatized magnetic beads," after which the remaining RNA assumed to be from whatever prokaryote can be precipitated out w/ ethanol. If you know enough about your virus and your host, I don't see why a similar assay can't be created. Otherwise, Thermo Fisher has additional links to RNA isolation protocol.. most of the viral assays, however, utilize serum, plasma, etc. because host DNA/RNA will elute along with the viral RNA if they're present, as in samples containing cells.