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I have seen lot of people sleep or say that they are feeling sleepy after taking some medicines. Why? I mean, if a medicine acts on some cell of the body because that cell has got its receptors and other cells have receptor for another part of that molecule, then too why do a large range of medicine induce sleep?

This also points to a doubt that there are only one kind of receptors for sleep inducing medicines (the real ones not the ones which have sleep as side effect) or many? If many are there, then it can be possible that a large range of medicines induce sleep.

Is it due to induction of sleep gives relaxation and thus give time for action of other medicines? Or is it just a natural process? If latter, why only some?

I don't want metabolism, just a reason.

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closed as too broad by rg255, MattDMo, AliceD, Luke, Amory Jun 30 '15 at 16:07

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • $\begingroup$ Potentially too broad here - many medicines induce drowsiness/sleep but they may (and probably are, particularly comparing sleep medication and those that induce drowsiness as a side effect) by different mechanisms. I think you may need to narrow this down a little. $\endgroup$ – rg255 Jun 29 '15 at 15:59
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    $\begingroup$ I'm torn between flagging this as way too broad and thinking that it is a good opportunity to clear up basic misconceptions about drugs in an answer. In any case, I recently noticed that a standard book on pharmacology has three separate chapters entitled "how drugs act", this should give you a hint why the question is hard to answer in this state. Note that these were basic overview chapters, before delving into what specific classes of drugs do. $\endgroup$ – rumtscho Jun 29 '15 at 15:59
  • $\begingroup$ @rg255 can you suggest what specificity should be added? $\endgroup$ – YAHB Jun 29 '15 at 16:03
  • $\begingroup$ You can answer three-four methods. Please give me the common ones. $\endgroup$ – YAHB Jun 29 '15 at 16:03
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    $\begingroup$ @InfiniteLight I don't see how reducing it to three-four mechanisms will help. "Why are there many medicines which are H1 receptor antagonists" is not a good question, there is no good reason why there are several of them. Also, I wouldn't say that some mechanisms are more "common" than others, common by what count? $\endgroup$ – rumtscho Jun 29 '15 at 16:14