This infographic claims that the sugar content in a can of Coca Cola would cause vomiting if not for the phosphoric acid.
- In The First 10 minutes: 10 teaspoons of sugar hit your system. (100% of your recommended daily intake.) You don’t immediately vomit from the overwhelming sweetness because phosphoric acid cuts the flavor allowing you to keep it down.
Now this question came up on skeptics.SE and the remaining question is whether (flavourless) water with sugar would cause vomiting. Very specifically we're talking about 200ml of final concentration and 39 grams of sugar. I would try it out myself, but per the rules of skeptics.SE I am not allowed to do this so I am posting it as a question here.