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I ask, because I have a different interpretation of the experiments performed on web-weaving spiders. The famous Robert Pirsig maintains that LSD is somehow helpful to web-weaving spiders, because it makes their web more straight. Pirsig seems to imply, as I remember, that the spider is somehow more attentive to its web while on LSD.

However, I maintain that it isn't the case and that it is actually the reverse. The spider is much less attentive, for it needs chaos in its web to catch the fly!

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    $\begingroup$ Could you add a reference or link to his work? $\endgroup$ – AliceD Aug 1 '15 at 10:17
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    $\begingroup$ Why do you think a chaotic web would be more effective? $\endgroup$ – JamesRyan Aug 1 '15 at 16:53
  • $\begingroup$ I thought the titled question itself was related to Pirsig's claim, however upon further thought they are not related, and thus an answer to the titled question wouldn't disprove Pirsig's interpretation of the experiment. However the quote does exist and is on p. 36 of Lila: Inquiry into morals! $\endgroup$ – Paul Burchett Aug 3 '15 at 15:33
  • $\begingroup$ It also depends on how you measure efficiency. Of course the spider must expend fewer calories than it takes in from prey, but there is an implicit movement cost as well, in terms of N spiders caught moving around by, say, birds. There's also variety in species - some orb-weavers repair their webs, others construct new ones regularly. Clearly, we need to give more spiders more LSD. $\endgroup$ – jzx Aug 5 '15 at 8:53
  • $\begingroup$ In my flawed thought experiment I was thinking the fly could somehow sense the web, however, that is not the case in most circumstances. $\endgroup$ – Paul Burchett Aug 5 '15 at 9:19
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Short answer
A low dose of LSD has been shown to lead to larger, more regular webs. This obsessive perfection of the web comes with an increased effort and likely an increased required building time. Whether LSD-affected webs are more effective or not has not been assessed as far as I am aware. Personally I think that, if anything, larger webs are more efficient for their purpose, regardless of their enhanced regularity.

Background
I traced down the experiments with d-lysergic acid dietheylamide (LSD-25) and web-building spiders to the experiments of [Peter Witt]*1 performed in the 1950's and 60's.

The original article of Witt (1951), dealing with the effects of LSD on the web building behavior of spiders (Zygiellax nohta) is not accessible to me. He reiterates on the data in a review (Witt, 1971). In this review he discusses the effect of a low dose of LSD on web building (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1. Web of an untreated spider (Araneus diadematus) (left) and a web of a spider (Zygiellax nohta) treated with a low dose of LSD-25. Source: Witt, 1971

Witt concludes that low dosages of LSD increase the regularity of the webs. Spiders which had received less than 0.05 pg LSD-25 built larger webs, with fewer oversized angles and significantly more regular central angles. The spiral was unusually regularly spaced. He did not investigate the effectiveness of these webs (Witt, 1971). However, I reckon that because of the larger size they may be more effective.

Witt notes that the normal web is far from a perfect geometric structure and that one can think of a web as a compromise between regularity, which serves to cover a wide area with a trap of a certain mesh size, and a quick construction. For example, Araneus diadematus makes a new web every morning before sunrise. It requires quite some labor producing and the webs are, arguably, structures of precision and beauty (Fig. 1). The webs take between 20 and 30 minutes to build. (Witt, 1971).

The balance between regularity and quick construction of the web is what may be distorted after relatively low doses of LSD (Witt, 1971). The spider seems to put too much and almost compulsory effort in making the perfect web, and likely without too much benefit in efficiency (The Guardian, 1971). But again, the author has not addressed this hypothesis directly.

Note that higher dosages of LSD (>0.05 pg) result in smaller and more irregular webs. The Guardian (1971) reproduced some figures on this (Fig. 2), showing an example of a grossly distorted and inefficient web.

webs
Fig. 2. Web before and after a high dose of LSD. Source: The Guardian (1971)

References
- Witt, Experientia (1951); 7(8): 310-1
- Witt, Behav Sci (1971); 16(1): 98-113

Note
*Robert Pirsig is an American writer and philosopher who has not devoted his time to spiders as far as I know.

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  • $\begingroup$ Although he didn't perform the experiment, his interpretation of it appears on p 40 of "Lila: An Inquiry into Morals". $\endgroup$ – Paul Burchett May 5 '16 at 15:55
  • $\begingroup$ I might also add, he is a trained biochemist, and a living, breathing guy. $\endgroup$ – Paul Burchett May 29 '18 at 19:44

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