Rhesus disease occurs when an Rh- mother is exposed to Rh antigens (often due to blood contact with an Rh+ child during delivery) and mounts an immune response which eventually results in the production of IgG Rh antibodies. In subsequent pregnancies, these antibodies cross the placenta. When the foetus is Rh+, these antibodies can bind to the corresponding antigens on the foetal erythrocytes and cause haemolysis, which can result in anaemia or even, in serious cases, stillbirth.
Given all of this, why does the same principle not apply to A and B antibodies? In other words, what is special about Rhesus antigens or antibodies that does not apply to other erythrocytic antigens or their corresponding antibodies?
I'm specifically wondering about Rhesus disease and its effects on the foetus, and why similar effects do not occur on the foetus in the case of an ABO type mismatch between mother and foetus.