Entropy and Open Systems - AP Biology

I had the following question on an exam of mine and I got the points for the question, but I am wondering if someone could please explain why it is correct, or rather, if it is correct at all:

As living organisms grow, they increase in complexity and decrease in entropy. How does this relate to the second law of thermodynamics?

(A) Living organisms, like everything else in the universe, spontaneously decrease in entropy over time.

(B) The increase in entropy of the universe exactly balances out the decrease in entropy as the organism grows.

(C) Energy cannot be created or destroyed, so the energy used for growth is later used to increase entropy.

(D) The resulting increase in entropy of the universe is greater than the decrease in entropy associated with the growth.

I answered D, as it seemed like the most likely answer out of all of them, and I got the points.

According to the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, the entropy of the universe will increase with time.

Please correct me if I am wrong, but from my understanding this only applies to closed systems--so how exactly would it apply to organisms (which are open systems)? Is it because organisms release heat through chemical reactions and thus add to the entropy of the universe while decreasing their own entropy?

Thank you!

-Aleksandr

• If you mean "von Neumann entropy", (B) seems correct. However, if "thermodynamics entropy" is meant, the correct answer would be (D). Feb 8, 2023 at 22:09