I am thinking where to put optimally depth electrodes in stereo EEG outside sulci in studying the functioning of neural transmission of N neurons over one perivascular space in rodents, mice or rat, where I would like to know how small N can be. The theoretical minimum is one neuron but I would like to understand the Physics how small current you can measure by EEG reliably with not too high Signal Noise Ratio (SNR). I did not find any meta-analysis about EEG electrode locations in DynaMed Plus.
I am not sure about the anatomic therminology of Neurology so I use the terms cerebral cortex, sagittal and coronal planes in describing directions.
Definition of electrode's location somehow in cerebral cortex
The further the electrode is away from the source, the lower SNR. This proposes me that there has has to be at least 20 neurons to minimize the variance. What is the average distance between two neurons?
Here my conjunctures about location of electrodes where the picture is from Virginia's university Nature publication here:
where the electrode is surrounding N neurons and one blood vessel such that one electrode is below the neuron and one above. It is contraindicated to put the electrode too close to the blood vessel.
Definition of electrode's Coronal-Sagital locations
I am interested in
- how close perivascular space can the electrode be? Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) implantation method has a safety distance minimally 2 mm but practically more than 5 mm of depth electrodes. [TODO cite]
- how superficial can the electrode #2 be? 1.0 - 1.5 mm in microelectrode EEG here i.e. mostly in superficial layers.
- how deep can the electrode #1 be? I think mostly in superficial layer i.e. 1.0 - 1.5 mm with microelectrodes. SEEG with depth electrodes - minimally 2 mm but practically more than 5 mm.
Stability of electrodes
The stability is affected by many processes discussed here. The array of electrodes is allowed to float with the motions of the cortex due
- Talairach J, Bancaud J, Szikla G, et al. Approche nouvelle de la neurochirugie de l’epilepsie. Méthodologie stérérotaxique et résultats thérapeutiques. Neurochirurgie (1974) 20 (Suppl. 1): 1-240.
- Cossu M, Cardinale F, Castana L, et al. Stereo-EEG in the presurgical evaluation of focal epilepsy: a retrospective analysis of 215 procedures. Neurosurgery (2005) 57: 706-718.
How can you define evidence-based locations of stereo EEG electrodes?