I am in a high school biology class, so I cannot truly attest to how accurate the information I am given is, but as far as I know only RNA and very small molecules can enter the nuclear membrane through the pores on it (thus excluding DNA). Furthermore, I am fairly sure that the reverse-transcriptase used in the process of reverse transcription of the viral RNA must be used outside of the nuclear membrane, in the cytosol. My question is: How does the viral RNA, after it is reverse transcripted, enter the nuclear membrane?
My teacher and I have come to the conclusion that it probably creates the provirus sometime during mitosis, as the nuclear membrane dissolves, but this is more of an educated guess.
Thanks in advance!