Lifeforms are formed of large, modular, organic molecules called macromolecules, large organic molecules called Lipids, and simpler molecules such as H2O.
Macromolecules are commonly grouped into the following categorises:
- Nucleic Acid
The concentrations of these types of molecule by mass, in a dehydrated (therefore dead) "E. coli" are:
Protein: 55% Nucleic Acid: 23% Carbohydrate: 0% Lipid: 9%
Q: Repeating the above table for other lifeforms, for the whole organism if it is multi-cellular, can examples be given of lifeforms that are particular outliers?
I have been unable to find much more useful information, however this data probably exists, I could find nothing for larger lifeforms such an animals. Around 60% of a cells cytosol is proteins, however this is by volume, not by mass.