I'm writing a lab on sexual dimorphism in Arctic foxes. As such, I use the words 'dog' and 'vixen' fairly often. In the discussion section, I compare the results from the lab with the results from research on other animals. The most relevant research I consider pertains to dimorphism among dogs (Canis lupus: the kind we keep as pets and their immediate relatives).
The term 'dog' denotes a subspecies of Canis lupus, males of that subspecies, and male foxes.
There are ways to disambiguate what I'm writing, but none of them are elegant.
I'm considering using 'tod' or 'reynard' instead. Are either preferred in biological writing? If not, is there an alternative?