I am reading a paper about phenology and climate change for my assignment and I found this concept "within-season variation", can someone explain it to me? and how it is related to changes over time?
"Within-season variation" may be referring to one of two things (depending on the context):
More commonly: the variation of a variable within a given season (i.e., between months or days within that season).
- Öst (1999) demonstrates an example of this use (in the context of breeding season).
Less commonly: the variation of a variable between the same season of different (often consecutive) years. Though this would more often be termed "between years". This is as opposed to "between seasons" which would be be between two different seasons of the same year.