Regarding the secondary structure of proteins, I know that there are 3 main types. The beta sheet formation is made up of beta strands stabilized by hydrogen bonds to form an anti parallel or a parallel structure. I learned that these beta strands are a zigzag sequence of amino acids, but what traits of beta strands differentiate it from the primary structure? Or are the beta strands just primary structures that link together to make beta sheets?
focus = peptide bonds (because these link the amino acids
The sequence of amino acids, for example AGGVHIL..
focus = H-bonds between the parts of the backbone
There are several different types of secondary structure (α-helices, β-sheets, etc.). However the most import thing to remember is that the secondary structure refers to the the patterns of hydrogen bonds formed between amine hydrogen and carbonyl oxygen atoms contained in the backbone peptide bonds of the protein
You are partly correct from a very simple perspective you can see the secondary structure of β-Sheets just as connected primary structures. However when talking about a piece of secondary structure you have to take the hydrogen bonding into consideration as this is what connects your primary structure parts (β-strands) to form a β-sheet.