I understand the difference between cladograms and phylograms; the latter can show the evolutionary linkage over time. However, I am having trouble finding out which two organisms are most closely related.
In the image above for example:
Referring to the cladogram, would these following statements be correct
-Bacteria 1 is least related to Eukaryote 4 (the furthest branch is always the least related as there common node is furthest away, correct?)
-The most related organisms are Bacteria 2 and 3, and Eukaryote 2 and 3
Referring to the phylogram
-Is Eukaryote 2 the least related to Bacteria 1 as its branch is the furthest away? Or is it Eukaryote 4 as it is the furthest away (bottom of list)?
-Is Eukaryote 1 most closely related to Eukaryote 3?