I have these insects in a very old wooden floor. I would like to know whether they are possibly termites, and if not, what they are.
They are about 4 mm in length (and I've had difficulty taking a picture with a standard camera, I may be able to get a better one in a couple of days). This one is dead and may have been crushed a little. Another sign of their presence is little heaps of wood dust appearing with a periodicity of 24-48 hrs, which are about 1 cm in diameter.
Following the indications of @usr137, I think it's rather an ant, indeed it has a slender mid-portion of the body, corresponding to detail (4) in this termite/ant comparative:
But they are much smaller than the ranges I find for carpenter ants (6—19 mm).